Mosquito repellents

There are many kinds of mosquito repellents. For example, the skin of babies is very delicate and needs specific repellents, just as children up to age 6 need others and other adults. Never apply an adult repellent to a baby or child because it could be toxic or irritating.

Why do mosquitoes bite?

Female mosquitoes sting people and animals because they need the protein that is in the blood to help develop their eggs. Mosquitoes are attracted by the odors of the skin and the carbon dioxide in the breath.

The saliva of mosquitoes when they sting, carry certain proteins that can cause an allergic reaction on the skin, such as hives and itching. The most effective method to avoid mosquito bites from smaller, and not so small, is to make use of repellents.

How do mosquito repellents work?

Repellents carry ingredients that keep mosquitoes away. They are presented in gel, cream, bar, spray, roll-on, bracelets, patches and lotions. They do not kill them but they give us protection for a few hours.

Types of mosquito repellents

Let’s see which type works best, depending on the ingredients of the mosquito repellent:

  • ADULTS AND CHILDREN: Repellents containing DEET are the most potent. It is used by applying it on the skin or clothing to avoid stings. Always read the manufacturer’s label and application.
  • BABIES AND CHILDREN: Natural products extracted from plants such as Citronella. They are presented in patches, bracelets and candles.
  • CLOTHING: Repellent with Permethrin on clothing; The only restriction is not to use it on the skin because it is a potent repellent. Ideal for traveling to places where mosquitoes transmit diseases.

There are also devices that emit ultrasounds in a certain space to get away mosquitoes. They are ideal for enclosed areas.

Choose the best repellent

It is imperative that you read the label or table of ingredients of the product to know its composition since some products protect for long hours, and others are of very short duration. The effectiveness of repellents will depend on the species of the mosquito, and the person who will use the repellent, age, sex and skin type. Ask yourself the following questions before choosing a mosquito repellent:

  • What zone are you in? In the countryside, house, terrace, beach, garden …
  • Will you be out in the open for several hours?
  • The place where you are there is humidity, high temperatures or stagnant water?

How to Apply an Adult Mosquito Repellent

  • Use enough repellent to cover the skin or clothing you wear. Do not apply the repellent on the skin underneath the clothing. Exaggerated use will not protect you anymore. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions!
  • Do not apply repellent on wounds, cuts or irritated skin.
  • When you return home or closed and protected areas, wash the parts where repellent was applied with soap and water.
  • Do not spray aerosol products in enclosed areas, for example indoors.
  • Do not apply aerosol sprays to the face. Spray your hands carefully and then rub them carefully over your face, avoiding nostrils, eyes and mouth.

Mosquito repellent for babies and children

Pediatricians recommend that a preventive approach is to use products with a low DEET concentration of 10% or less in children aged 2 to 12 years. Most indications mention that it is acceptable to use repellents containing DEET in children older than 2 years of age. Other experts suggest that it is acceptable to apply repellent with low concentrations of DEET in babies older than 2 months.

If you are at home or take your baby for a walk, it is advisable to use the traditional mosquito nets. Another alternative is to hang a bracelet or keychain with repellent in the cart.

I recommend that parents choose the type and concentration of repellent they will use, considering the amount of time the children will be outdoors, the risk of exposure to mosquitoes and the type of mosquito, depending on the geographical area by possibility of contracting Any disease such as zika, dengue or other.

People who have questions about the use of repellents or other products for their children can consult their pediatrician or trusted pharmacy.

If you need any more advice do not hesitate to write me.